Disclaimer

Please note that the medical content provided by BrainWaves does not comprehensively review the discipline of neurology or medicine. BrainWaves podcasts and online content are intended for medical education only and should not be used to guide medical decision making in routine clinical practice. All patients are unique and should be managed independently of the information released in each episode and material distributed online. The opinions expressed in each episode are those of the speakers themselves, and do not reflect the opinions of the BrainWaves editorial staff, the hospitals at which the speakers are affiliated, or other institutions mentioned in the episodes.

All clinical cases presented by BrainWaves are based on actual patients but have been fictionalized in order to protect their identities. No patient health identifiers are used.